Calculate sum of top 10 values [formulas + homework]
Analyzing top n (or bottom m) items is an important part of any data analysis exercise. In this article, we are going to learn Excel formulas to help you with that.
Let’s say you are the lead analyst at a large retail chain in Ohio, USA. You are looking at the latest sales data for all the 300 stores. You want to calculate the total sales of top 10 stores. Read on to learn the techniques.
Meet the data
So here is the data we have. It is arranged in an Excel table, named Sales.
We need to answer to 2 questions.
 What is the sum of top n sales?
 What is the sum of top n sales for filtered data (say store=Dayton)?
Sum of top n sales
First let’s take a look the formula.
=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Revenues],">="&LARGE(sales[Revenues],n))
[Related: using structural references in Excel]
How does this formula work?
There are 2 components in this formula:
 We need to sum up revenues column
 Such that, revenue >= top nth revenue
Finding the top nth value:
This is where LARGE formula helps. It looks at the revenue column and returns nth value.
Sum of top n values thru SUMIFS:
Then, SUMIFS formula calculates the total revenues where revenue >= top nth value.
[Related: Introduction to SUMIFS formula]
Sum of top n sales in filtered data
This one is tricky. First, we will add an extra column to the sales table. You can later hide this if you want.
This column just tells us whether a particular store is hidden or visible (ie filtered away or not).
Use the formula,
=SUBTOTAL(3, [@Store]) = 1
in the new column. This will be TRUE if a row is visible and FALSE if a row is filtered away.
See below illustration to understand the formula.
Next, we can use below formula to calculate the total of top n sales in filtered data:
=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Visible?],TRUE, sales[Revenues],">="&AGGREGATE(14,5,sales[Revenues],n))
How does this formula work?
Again, we are using SUMIFS formula, but with 2 conditions.
 Store should be visible
 Revenue >= top nth revenue in visible stores
To calculate the top n value of a visible stores, we use AGGREGATE formula.
AGGREGATE(14,5,sales[Revenues],n)
– what does it do?
AGGREGATE formula takes 3 or 4 parameters.
 Calculation number – 14 corresponds to LARGE
 Which data to ignore – 5 corresponds to ‘ignore hidden rows’
 Data – Sales[Revenues]
 n – optional parameter for LARGE or SMALL calculations
So, our AGGREGATE(14,5,sales[Revenues],n)
formula will return top nth value among the filtered data.
Once we know that value, we just use SUMIFS to sum up all values greater than or equal to it.
Download Example Workbook
Click here to download the sum of top 10 values workbook. Play with the formulas to learn more. Also, attempt the homework problems and post your answers in comments.
Your home work – 2 challenges:
So now that you understood how to calculate sum of top n values, I have 2 home work problems.
 What is the sum of bottom 10 values excluding zero values?
 What is the sum of bottom 10 values in filtered list, excluding zeros?
Go ahead and post your answers as comments.
6 more tips on analyzing top n values
Here are few more ways to analyze with top /bottom n values.
 Sum of top 3 values that meet a criteria
 Show top 10 values in dashboards using pivot tables
 Calculating average of top 5 values
 Create a top X chart
 Highlight top 10 values using conditional formatting
 Find out nth largest value that meets a criteria using array formulas
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My name is Chandoo. Thanks for dropping by. My mission is to make you awesome in Excel & your work. I live in Wellington, New Zealand. When I am not F9ing my formulas, I cycle, cook or play lego with my kids. Know more about me.
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35 Responses to “Calculate sum of top 10 values [formulas + homework]”
1.the sum of bottom 10 values excluding zero values = {=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Revenues],"0,sales[Revenues]),10))}
2. the sum of bottom 10 values in filtered list, excluding zeros = {=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Visible?],TRUE,sales[Revenues],"0,sales[Revenues]),10))}
complete formula not pasted
for condtion 1 {=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Revenues],"0,sales[Revenues]),10))}
for condition 2 {=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Visible?],TRUE,sales[Revenues],"0,sales[Revenues]),10))}
@chandoo , why full formula not pasting here??
Condition 1:
=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues]sales[Revenues]"<="&SMALL(sales[Revenues]COUNTIF(sales[Revenues]0)+10))
Condition 2:
=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues]sales[Visible?]TRUEsales[Revenues]"<="&SMALL(sales[Revenues]COUNTIF(sales[Revenues]0)+10))
Awesome post !! The subtotal trick can come in very handy for checking data hidden by table filters.
Hi all, I use excel 2007 so AGGREGATE doesn't works. How can I substitute the AGGREGATE function in this formula: "=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Visible?],TRUE,sales[Revenues],">="&AGGREGATE(14,5,sales[Revenues],n))?
in other words, How can I make that LARGE ignore hidden rows?.
Regards
Hi ,
See if this works :
=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Visible?],TRUE,sales[Revenues],">="&LARGE(IF(sales[Visible?],sales[Revenues]),n))
entered as an array formula , using CTRL SHIFT ENTER.
Change formula of Visible? field to
=SUBTOTAL( 103 , [@Store] ) * [@Revenues]
Then change the main formula to
=SUMIFS( sales[Visible?] , sales[Visible?] , " > = " & LARGE( sales[Visible?] , n ) )
Regards
Hi Chandoo. I have a question about this method. Does this method stand up if you have potential duplicate values in the Top 10. For example, if you are scoring a sporting event where competitors earn a fixed score based on their performance. For example auto racing. There are 15 events however only the Top 10 count towards the final standings.
What are the Top 10 scores for this participant?
Final Scores After 15 Events:
200
200
175
155
175
140
130
140
175
200
130
120
110
200
155
Because we might have ties in the dataset it's more accurate to use
=SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(sale[Revenues],ROW($A$1:INDEX(A:A,5,))))
Thanks Leonid. That works. Can you explain the basics of this formula? I tried to break it apart to see how it works but don't see all the connections between the formula's.
@Stig,
The formula for top N numbers that I provided: =SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(sale[Revenues],ROW($A$1:INDEX(A:A,N,))))
and the formula @jason m provided: =SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(range,ROW(INDIRECT(“1:N”)))) are logicaly the same.
The portion with ROW function generates an array of sequential numbers from 1 to N: {1;2;..N}
LARGE function receives this array as a parameter, calculates the value for each item in the {1;2;..N} array and pass the array of results to SUMPRODUCT function to sum them up.
Thanks for the explanation. What does the INDEX function do inside the ROW function?
INDEX(A:A,N,)return the cell in column A:A in row N.
E.g. INDEX(A:A,10,) is A10. Glued with A1 by range operator ":" it gives us a range A1:A10.
Then ROW(A1:A10) returns an array of sequential numbers from 1 to 10.
For the question asked by "The Stig" the number in the formula given by Leonid must be 10 instead of 5, since the top 10 scores must be counted:
=SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(sale[Revenues],ROW($A$1:INDEX(A:A,10,))))
hey Leonid,
can you explain the steps in the formula and why it works?
thanks.
Answer 1 (since you have no negative number, a simply trick would do)
=SUMIF(sales[Revenues],"<="&SMALL(sales[Revenues],10+COUNTIF(sales[Revenues],0)))
Answer 2 (Obviously, we need Excel 2010 or later)
=SUMPRODUCT(AGGREGATE(15,6,1/(1/(sales[Revenues]*sales[Visible?])),ROW(A1:A10)))
Side topic:
Pivot Table should be the easiest way to find the answer. But I can understand that it's a demonstration of a formula approach. 🙂
Here are the formula's I came up with to solve the 2 challenges:
1  =SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Revenues],"<="&SMALL(sales[Revenues],n+COUNTIF(sales[Revenues],0)))
2  =SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Visible?],TRUE,sales[Revenues],"<="&AGGREGATE(15,5,sales[Revenues],n+COUNTIFS(sales[Visible?],TRUE,sales[Revenues],0)))
I adopted a somewhat different approach. I added a new column (F). This column was populated with the following formula:
=IF([@Revenues]>0,RANK([@Revenues],[Revenues],0),"")
The formula I used for Question 1 was as follows:
=SUMIF(sales[Rank],">"&MAX(sales[Rank])n,sales[Revenues])
Answer: $1,437,600
The formula I used for Question 2 was as follows:
=SUMIFS(sales[Revenues],sales[Rank],">"&MAX(sales[Rank])n,sales[Visible?],TRUE)
Answer: $1,437,600
Hopefully that's correct!
SUMIFS is for millenials. 😉
Top 10
=SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(Sales[Revenues],ROW(INDIRECT("1:10"))))
Bottom 10
=SUMPRODUCT(SMALL(Sales[Revenues],ROW(INDIRECT("1:10"))))
Hi Jason. How would this formula work if the number go across a row vs. down a column?
200 200 175 155 175 140 130 140 175 200 130 120 110 200 155
Yes. The basic formula to sum the top N numbers is:
=SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(range,ROW(INDIRECT("1:N"))))
where "range" is the group of contiguous cells.
Cool, thanks. I have one more question... I "have a friend" that uses Numbers for Mac. Do you happen to know if the formula works in Numbers?
Bottom 10
=SUMPRODUCT(SMALL(Sales[Revenues],ROW(INDIRECT(“1:10?))))
Hi Jason, this doesn't exclude zero value as requested.
Arrayentered:
=SUM(SMALL(IF(Sales[Revenues]>0,Sales[Revenues]),ROW(INDIRECT("1:10"))))
This array formula
={SUMPRODUCT(IFERROR(SMALL(MODE.MULT(IF(sales[Revenues]0,{1,1}*sales[Revenues])),ROW($A$1:INDEX($A:$A,MIN(SUM(N(sales[Revenues]0)),10)))),0))}
returns sum of the bottom 10 values excluding zero values and also ignore ties and handles the case when we have less than 10 values to sum up or when all values are 0s.
={SUMPRODUCT(IFERROR(SMALL(MODE.MULT(IF(sales[Revenues]<>0,{1,1}*sales[Revenues])),ROW($A$1:INDEX($A:$A,MIN(SUM(N(sales[Revenues]<>0)),10)))),0))}
=SUMPRODUCT(IFERROR(SMALL(IFERROR(sales[Revenues]/(sales[Revenues]<>0),""),ROW(A1:INDEX(A:A,MIN(SUM(N(sales[Revenues]<>0)),10),))),0))
What if I wanted to sum the top 10 sales of each store from a sheet that has the sales of all stores?
I am trying to sum of "credit" against top 5 "Revenue" customers using this array formula:
{=SUM(IF(LARGE(Sales[Revenue],{1,2,3,4,5}),1,0)*Sales[Credit])}
But it is giving sumproduct of all the value !
Please correct this formula or suggest any other solution.
Try this...
{=SUM(IF(LARGE(Sales[Revenue],{1,2,3,4,5})=Sales[Revenue],1,0)*Sales[Credit])}
Thanks Chandoo, given solution is working fine.
For top of 10 values with filtered data with excluding zero and negative values;
=SUMPRODUCT(SMALL(IF(sales[Visible?]*sales[Revenues]>0;sales[Revenues];" ");{1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8;9;10}))
Explanation:
sales[Visible?]*sales[Revenues]>0 this part eliminated the invisible cells and also negative and zero revenues;
if it is invisible it will be 0 in visible side thus product will be 0,and it can be said the same for zero revenues
if it is negative in revenue side the product will be negative; thus they are eliminated.
and finally, extracting smallest 10 values rest of the values, which are visible, nonnegative and nonzero, and their sum.
=SUMPRODUCT(SMALL(IF(sales[Visible?]*sales[Revenues]>0,sales[Revenues]," "),{1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10}))
It must be entered as an ARRAY formula.