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# Weighted Average in Excel [Formulas]

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Today we will learn how to calculate weighted average in Excel with percentages.

## What is weighted average ?

Weighted average or weighted mean is defined as [from wikipedia],

The weighted mean is similar to an arithmetic mean …, where instead of each of the data points contributing equally to the final average, some data points contribute more than others.

If all the weights are equal, then the weighted mean is the same as the arithmetic mean.

## Why should you calculate weighted average?

Well, it is because, in some situations normal averages give in-correct picture. For eg. assume you are the CEO of ACME Widgets co.. Now you are looking annual salary report and being the numbers-gal you are, you wanted to find-out the average salary of your employees. You asked each department head to give you the average salary of that department to you. Here are the numbers,

Now, the average salary seems to be \$ 330,000 [total all of all salaries by 5, (55000+65000+75000+120000+1200000)/5 ].

You are a happy boss to find that your employees are making \$330k per year.

Except, you are wrong. You have not considered the number of employees in each department before calculating the average. So, the correct average would be \$76k as shown above.

## How to Calculate Weighted Average in Excel with Percentages

There is no built-in formula in Excel to calculate weighted averages. However, there is an easy fix to that. You can use SUMPRODUCT formula. By definition, SUMPRODUCT formula takes 2 or more lists of numbers and returns the sum of product of corresponding values. [related: Excel SUMPRODUCT Formula – what is it and how to use it?]

So, if you have values in B4:B8 and the corresponding weights in C4:C8, you can use SUMPRODUCT like this to get weighted average.

Caution: However, the above method works only if C4:C8 contains weights in percentages(%) totaling to 100%.

### WAvg Formula Pattern (use this with your data)

``=SUMPRODUCT(<your values>, <your weights>)``

## What if my percentage weights don’t add up to 100%?

May be your weights are more than 100 percent. Or may be they are less than 100 percent. In both cases, you can use the below formula variation.

The idea is to divide the total of weights with the SUMPRODUCT result so that we can adjust Weighted Average as the weights don’t add up to 100 percent.

### WAvg Formula Pattern when weights don’t add up to 100 percent

``=SUMPRODUCT(<your values>, <your weights>) / SUM(<your weights>)``

## Weighted Average when you have counts instead of weights:

If you have count of observations instead of weights, you can still use the SUMPRODUCT formula to calculate weighted average in Excel.

Here is the formula for above example:

Notice that this formula is same as the formula for weighted average with weights not adding up to 100 percent.

### WAvg Formula Pattern when you have counts instead of weights

``=SUMPRODUCT(<your values>, <your counts>) / SUM(<your counts>)``

## Weighted Average with Extra Conditions

Let’s say you have city wise observations and weights. And you want to calculate the weighted average, only for Boston values. In this case, you can use a variation of the formula like below:

How does this formula work?

1. SUMPRODUCT calculates the total value for BOSTON by summing up C5:C16 (value column) where B5:B16 is Boston (highlighted portion of the formula) and multiplies that with the counts.
2. So in the above example, this will just give us the total of Boston – ie 218,600
3. We then divide this with the total count of Boston (using the SUMIFS formula) – ie 400
4. This results in the weighted average for Boston values alone – ie 546.50

For more information on how the conditions work inside SUMPRODUCT formula, please read this article.

## Download Weighted Average Calculation Example Workbook:

In this workbook, you can find 4 examples on how to to calculate weighted average in excel. Go ahead and download it to understand the formulas better.

## Weighted Average in Excel – Formula Explained

Here is a video with Weighted Average formula explained. Please watch it below to learn more. Alternatively, head to my YouTube page to see the weighted averages in Excel video.

## In Conclusion

Weighted averages are a great way to explain data and every data analyst should know how and when to use them with their data. Apart from Weighted Average, I suggest learning how to use moving average and average of top n values. These will help you explain the data and trends to your audience better.

## Do you use Weighted Mean / Weighted Average?

What do you use it for? What kind of challenges you face? Do you apply any tweaks to weighted average calculations? Please share your ideas / tips using comments.

## More examples on Averages and Formulas:

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### 108 Responses to “Weighted Average in Excel [Formulas]”

1. Amit says:

Thanks Chandoo

2. [...] link Leave a Reply [...]

3. Cyril Z. says:

Hello Chandoo,

I use weighted average almost every day, when I want to compute the progress of my projects in terms of functional coverage :

1. I have a list of tasks during from 1 day to 20 days.
2. It is obvious that each task must be weighted regarding its duration.
3. My functional coverage is calculated with :
sumproduct ( total_duration_array * ( todo_array = 0 ) ) / Sum ( total_duration_array )

and all subsequent grouping you can think (group by steps...)

Regards

Cyril Z.

4. Krok says:

I use it to calculate the Avg Mkt Price Vs our Products.

Main difficultie: to place the calculation on a Pivot Table 😀

The use of array formulas does the trick for this calculation but, since I keep feeding new info to the file, it is getting way to "heavy" so I've started changing this calculation to a pivot table.

5. Martin says:

If I was the CEO of ACME.... Coyote would be armored like Iron Man !!!

6. Yair says:

Hello Chandoo
First - your site is excellent and very enlightning
Second - I find it easir to use an array formula
SUM(A2:A6*B2:B6/SUM(\$B\$2:\$B\$6))

7. Daniel Ferry says:

@Yair -

You can write your version of the formula with the SUMPROUDCT instead of the CSE SUM:
.
SUMPRODUCT(A2:A6*B2:B6/SUM(\$B\$2:\$B\$6))
.
Why bother? SUMPRODUCT is about 10% faster than the equivalent array formula. I write about this on my blog:

http://www.excelhero.com/blog/2010/01/the-venerable-sumproduct.html

Regards,

Daniel Ferry
excelhero.com

8. Gregor Erbach says:

And how would you calculate the MEDIAN of a data set that is presented as values and frequencies?

I have tried a couple of approaches, but could not come up with a solution that was elegant and scalable to data sets with an abritrary number of rows.

9. Steve-O says:

If I'm the CEO, I'd want to see how much money total is spent on payroll for each department. In which case, I'd just total payroll spending and divide by total # employees.

10. Hui... says:
11. Ouiski7 says:

Thanks Chandoo, elegant solutions and helpful web site!

Small typo: both instances of \$330,000 should be \$303,000. You got it right in the image with the red circle around it, but the text is wrong.

"Now, the average salary seems to be \$ 330,000 [total all of all salaries by 5, (55000+65000+75000+120000+1200000)/5 ].
You are a happy boss to find that your employees are making \$330k per year."

12. ramu says:

superb For weighted avg

13. Joel says:

What if my weights are decline equally. Example Data to be measured with WMA A10:A20, weights 10,9,8,7, etc, starting with A20*10, A19*9, A18*8 etc.

Do I need to create a separate column with the numbers 10,9,8,7,6 etc?

Thanks!

14. Hui... says:

@Joel
You don't need to use a seperate column for the weights, but it can be useful for clarity
.
If the weights are based as you say on a series you could use a formula like
say your in B20
=A20*(row()-10)
so as you copy this between B10 and 20 it will adjust automatically as you specified

15. Joel says:

That works nicely. Thank you!

16. Krunal Patel says:

Hi Chandoo,

Can you please guide me on How to calculate weighted average on the basis of Date...?

I wanna find out two things (1) Weighted average amount (2) Weighted average Date

Data:

Date Amount
01-Jan-11 1200
08-Mar-11 1000
05-Jun-11 1200
17-Mar-11 1500
30-Jun-11 1600

Kind Regards,
Krunal Patel

17. Hui... says:

@Krunal
The average is (1200+1000+1200+1500+1600)/5 = 1300
When you say weighted average what other measure are you measuring against?
Typically you will have say a Weight, Mass,Volume or Time which your measure applies to
If I sort your data by date
`1-Jan-11 1,200 66.0
8-Mar-11 1,000 9.0
17-Mar-11 1,500 80.0
5-Jun-11 1,200 25.0
30-Jun-11 1,600

Total 238,200 180.0
W.Ave 1,323.3 `

In the above the 1200 units has lasted 66 days
the 1000 units 9 days
If I sumproduct the Qty and the days
I get 238,200
This doesn't include the 1600 units
I then divide the 238,200 units
by total days =180 to get 1,323 units per day

Hope that helps

18. Krunal Patel says:

Hi Hui,

Thanks for your reply.

I understand the concept but I dont understand why last date is not included. Instead it should have more weighted as compared to other.

Krunal

19. Hui... says:

@Krunal
I have assumed that the 1200 units on 1 Jan applies from 1 Jan until the next period 8 Mar
If it is the other way around where data applies retrospectively, then your right except that we would leave out the Jan 1 result, see below
eg:
```1-Jan-11 1,200 - 8-Mar-11 1,000 66 17-Mar-11 1,500 9 5-Jun-11 1,200 80 30-Jun-11 1,600 25 . Total 1,197 180```
.
As I originally said weighting requires a second variable
Look at the fat content of Milk
it is expressed as %
So if you have 1000 litres at 5% and 4000 litres at 10%
in total you have 5000 litres at a weighted average of 9% (1000x5 + 4000*10)/5000
.
So in your case I have made assumptions about the usage of your product as you haven't supplied much data
If my assumptions are wrong let me know

20. Krunal Patel says:

Thanks Hui.

21. RAJU says:

Run hr Produ prod/hr
1425.5 431380 302.61
873 290894 333.21
604 232249 384.51

If I take average of individual row, I find a prod/hr figure which is given in last column above. And while taking average of prod/hr, means (302.61+333.21+384.51/3), I find an average value 340.11.

And if I take sum of run hour (1425.5+873+604) and sum of produ (431380+290894+232249) and divide produ sum by run hour sum then I find a different average that is 328.8

Why this difference in average value though in totality it looks same?

May some one help me, pls.

Regards
Raju

328.86

22. Hui... says:

@Raju
You cannot simply average the averages, because as you see each input has a different weighting. Your 604 hrs they worked very hard and in the 1425 hrs they slowed down.
What you've done by summing the Production and dividing by the sum of the hrs is correct

23. Brad says:

Hi. I have a series of prices, and I'm trying to develop a formula which gives me a projected price... So for example:
Prices (Earliest to Most Recent)
2.50
2.90
3.50
4.30
5.00
?.??

I want to see what the price is likely to be in the cell ?.??, and I want the most recent price to be more relevant than the earlier prices... so in this example, I imagine the value would be something around \$6.30... the difference between the prices being .40, .60, .80, 1.00...

I really only need the results in one cell, taking into account something like a 5 day moving weighted average (if such a thing exists). I'm essentially trying to see if the price is trending upwards, estimating the price based on more recent sales data and working out if the difference between most recent price (\$5.00) and projected price (?.??) is more than 5%.

24. James Calvo says:

Hi, i need some help creating a weight average for some account under me. we have 3 product lines (growing to 5 soon). I need to create a formula that shows a weight average to rank the account 1-50.
so product 1 goal is 50 product 2 goal is 3 and product 3 goal is 3. i would weight these based on importance at 80% product 1, 15% product 2 and 5% product 3. so how would i write this formula since averaging the 3 is not the correct way.
so here is a small example
Acct Name prdt 1 actual prdt 1 goal prdt1 % to goal
acct 1 25 50 50%
prdt 2 actual prdt 2 goal prdt2 % to goal
acct 1 1 3 33%
prdt 3 actual prdt 3 goal prdt3 % to goal
acct 1 1 3 33%

so the average % of the products is 38% thats not what i need i need the weighted average by acct on all three products using the weights 80, 15 and 5. Please help.

James

25. Hui... says:

@James
.
Actual
=25*0.80 + 1*0.15 + 1*0.05
=20.2
.
Goal
=50*0.80 + 3*0.15 + 3*0.05
=40.6

26. Ryan says:

Hi there, I'm trying to calculate a weighted average in Excel of products that are not in adjacent cells but cannot figure it out. For cells adjacent to each other I use sumproduct but can't find info on how to do it if the cells I need a weighted avg for are not next to each other.

IE
100,000(cell A1) units at \$5 (cell B1)
150,000 (cell A5) units at \$6 (cell B5)

Help!

27. Hui... says:

You can use
=SUMPRODUCT(A1:A5,B1:B5)/SUM(A1:A5)

or
=(A1*B1+A5*B5)/(A1+A5)

or
=SUMPRODUCT((MOD(ROW(A1:A5),4)=1)*(A1:A5)*(B1:B5))/SUMPRODUCT((MOD(ROW(A1:A5),4)=1)*(A1:A5))

or
=SUMPRODUCT((MOD(ROW(A1:A5),4)=1)*(A1:A5)*(B1:B5))/SUM((MOD(ROW(A1:A5),4)=1)*(A1:A5)) Ctrl Shift Enter
(I've been waiting a while to use those techniques again)

28. Help Please says:

I am trying to find teh weighted average score for a particular student name Dennis, Gina. How can I obtain this using the sumproduct formula if it's on 3 separate rows?

Agent Name ACD Calls Avg ACD Avg ACW Avg Hold AHT

Francis, Luis 951 139 29 13 180
Malave, Luz 910 143 28 86 256
Dennis, Gina 920 550 290 750 1590
Dennis, Gina 920 165 33 62 260
Sawyer, Curvin 1,536 236 4 60 299
Dennis, Gina 1,267 198 32 77 306

29. Hui... says:

@Help Please
Assuming your data is in A1:G7
Try this for Column B:
=SUMPRODUCT((A2:A7="Dennis, Gina")*(B2:B7))/COUNTIFS(A2:A7,"Dennis, Gina")

Adjust for other columns

30. ann says:

need help...i have a table that shows attach rates of each segment by quarter. i need to find the weighted avg of the last 4 qtrs

for example: segment 1 in qtr 1 is 60%, qtr 2 at 63%, qtr 3 at 48% and qtr 4 at 43%

31. Hui... says:

@Ann
=Sum(range of the last 4 qtrs)/4

32. Needing help! says:

Hi. I'm having trouble finding the weighted average for the % of influence (which is related to the rated level). I need to find out what the weighted average % inluence is (the % column) and then to use that % to calculate the \$ of the influenced spend overall. HELP

Spend A Level % Spend B Level % Total\$(M)
\$99,660,078.50 0 0% \$3,886,439.82 1 15% \$300
\$393,235.39 3 100% \$465,897.47 2 50% \$ 4

33. jess says:

In the First Semester Scores worksheet, in cell F17, enter a formula to calculate the weighted average of the first student’s four exams. The formula in cell F17 should use absolute references to the weights found in the range C8:C11, matching each weight with the corresponding exam score. Use Auto Fill to copy the formula in cell F17 into the range F18:F52.

Student Score Top Ten Overall Scores
Student ID Exam 1 Exam 2 Exam 3 Final Exam Overall
390-120-2 100.0 83.0 79.0 72.0
390-267-4 84.0 91.0 94.0 80.0
390-299-8 55.0 56.0 47.0 65.0
390-354-3 95.0 91.0 93.0 94.0
390-423-5 83.0 82.0 76.0 77.0
390-433-8 52.0 66.0 61.0 53.0
390-452-0 85.0 94.0 94.0 91.0
390-485-7 89.0 78.0 80.0 87.0
390-648-6 92.0 87.0 89.0 97.0
390-699-6 74.0 75.0 47.0 64.0
391-260-8 96.0 82.0 91.0 96.0
391-273-8 69.0 74.0 81.0 74.0
391-315-1 87.0 89.0 70.0 82.0
391-373-1 100.0 94.0 86.0 93.0
391-383-6 93.0 90.0 95.0 80.0
391-500-8 78.0 89.0 81.0 88.0
391-642-7 74.0 81.0 83.0 86.0
391-865-0 88.0 71.0 84.0 81.0
391-926-7 94.0 90.0 97.0 97.0
391-928-5 83.0 71.0 62.0 87.0
392-248-7 72.0 70.0 88.0 77.0
392-302-1 83.0 76.0 81.0 80.0
392-363-7 89.0 72.0 77.0 73.0
392-475-2 100.0 96.0 90.0 99.0
392-539-3 95.0 96.0 91.0 85.0
392-709-8 72.0 49.0 60.0 51.0
392-798-4 82.0 61.0 70.0 61.0
392-834-1 82.0 71.0 64.0 70.0
393-181-6 76.0 69.0 58.0 70.0
393-254-4 90.0 76.0 91.0 71.0
393-287-6 84.0 85.0 66.0 74.0
393-332-3 96.0 88.0 94.0 93.0
393-411-8 80.0 74.0 75.0 82.0
393-440-4 86.0 85.0 85.0 82.0
393-552-0 100.0 96.0 87.0 94.0
393-792-5 78.0 60.0 87.0 70.0
py the formula in cell F17 into the range F18:F52.

34. Amy says:

You rock! Thanks so much for this weighted average calcuation/formulas. They are dead on.

35. R.Williams says:

Hi, I am not sure if this falls under weighted average or how to figure this..
I have different payment terms for different vendors and am trying to figure out how to figure my average payment terms on a montly basis.
25 days = 5% of spend
30 days = 60% of spend
45 days = 20% of spend
60 days = 15% of spend.
Can you advise? Thanks!!

36. Danielle says:

I have to compute weighted average for students exam scores. Let's say there are 5 exams.
But some of the students have only 3 or 4 exam scores... How can I do that?

37. Hi,

I was looking for a payroll dashboard.

Do you have one?

38. Khalid says:

useful, but please change the \$330k to \$303k in the text

best

39. Great article! Very helpful example of weighted averages. Now to apply this to my ranking formula...

40. Manu says:

Hi, i have a typical problem where i have around 15 transactions which have different AHT's for each of the transaction. I would like to know what will be the weighted average of all these AHT & Transactions, can u pls help me out

Transaction Type AHT Per Day Tran
120 Sec Trans 120 3
180 Sec Trans 180 87
208 Sec Trans 208 2954
240 Sec Trans 240 354
293 Sec Trans 293 4
300 Sec Trans 300 79
120 Sec Trans 322 2464
380 Sec Trans 380 19
381 Sec Trans 381 229
120 Sec Trans 396 182
401 Sec Trans 401 655
480 Sec Trans 480 49
540 Sec Trans 540 33
987 Sec Trans 987 251
1080 Sec Trans 1080 47

• Hui... says:

@Manu

Assuming your data is in Columns A1:D16
try the following:

Weighted Ave. AHT per Day
=SUMPRODUCT(A2:A16,C2:C16)/SUM(A2:A16)

Weighted Ave. Tran
=SUMPRODUCT(A2:A16,D2:D16)/SUM(A2:A16)

• Manu says:

Thanks Mr. Huitson, however need one clarity as to what should be the values in cells D2 to D16 ?
As in my earlier query, i have given the Transaction AHT in Column 'B' and daily average volume in Column 'C'

Please help

• Hui... says:

Manu

It is unclear what is in what column
It appears that you have 4 column

The formula is :
=Sumproduct( weight range, data range) / sum(weight range)

• Himanshu says:

let me try this formula

41. Himanshu says:

COLOR DIFF :

CLARITY DIFF:
CUT DIFF:

POLISH DIFF:
SYM DIFF:

53.14%
SAME
65.22%
SAME
84.06%
SAME
48.79%
SAME
66.18%
SAME

24.64%
1 BETTER
28.02%
1 BETTER
7.25%
1 BETTER
48.79%
1 BETTER
26.57%
1 BETTER

15.94%
1 WEAK
5.80%
1 WAEK
8.70%
1 WEAK
2.42%
1 WEAK
7.25%
1 WEAK

4.83%
2 BETTER
0.48%
2 BETTER

1.45%
2 WEAK
0.48%
2 WEAK
hie how can i get overall average formula ols reply me as soon as possible

• Hui... says:

@Himanshu

Can you please post the file as this is difficult to understand

• Manu says:

below is the snapshot as am unable to upload the excel
AHT is the time consumed for each of the transaction and the next figure is the daily count of transactions

(120 seconds, 3 transactions per day
180 seconds, 87 transactions per day
208 seconds, 2954 transactions per day)

AHT Per_Day_Tran
120 3
180 87
208 2954
240 354
293 4
300 79
322 2464
380 19
381 229
396 182
401 655
480 49
540 33
987 251
1080 47

• Hui says:

@Manu

Assuming your data is in A1:B16 the weighted average is: `=SUMPRODUCT(A2:A16,B2:B16)/SUM(A2:A16)`

42. Mahesh says:

HI Chandoo,

I am wondering if I can use any function in excel to help me make a better purchase decision.....

for example, if I am looking for a product (say, a laptop computer) and I go on a shopping website and I find out following information.
1. Model number
2. number of reviews
3. actual review rating (out of 10)

Now, there may a case when one person rated product A 10 our of 10 Vs 100 people rated another product B 9 out of 10. Obviously, I am safer with going for Product B, but how can excel be of help?

To make it more complex, if there were attributes of user ratings(like ease of use, durable, design etc), how to see this complex picture as top ranking of 1 , 2 and 3?

Just was wondering.....................

thanks in advance..............

• Hui... says:

@Mahesh

Typically you will setup a number of criteria and then rank each criteria from say 1 to 10

Add up the criteria

and then examine the results

You may want to give some criteria differing importance and this can be done by giving such criteria a score of between 1 and 20 etc

You need to be careful about weighting scores on the number of responses

43. ouz says:

hello. i would like to know how can i use weighted average for statistical data analysis. i`ve collected data by using a likert scale type. number from 0 to 5

44. ouz says:

1
2
3
4
5

3
1
0
10
7

0
0
9
7
0

2
0
8
5
2

0
0
0
11
9

0
4
4
8
5

• Hui... says:

@Ouz

Can you maybe post a sample file with some field headers

I assume the 1st 1-5 are the question No's

But why are there values > 5?

I thought you would layout the data as:

 1 3 0 2 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 4 3 0 9 8 0 4 4 10 7 5 11 8 5 7 0 2 9 5

Also what is the weighting factor in your data ?

45. Victoria says:

Thank you so much for this. It was extremely helpful and just what I needed today to calculate the weighted average of some data.

46. Jeff says:

I am trying to create a weighted average for a series of tests with some testing readministered on a second date. Not all tests are administered on each testing. The workaround I have been using is to use a second matrix with an if function, but I am curious if there is a more elegant solution. Sample data is below:

Weight    Test 1      Test 2
10           90             105
25                            85
20          100            100
avg          95             96.7
weighted   96.7          94

Using the SUMPRODUCT/SUM described without the matrix incorrectly yields a weighted average of 52.7 since the second test counts as a zero. Is there an easy way to get Excel to ignore particular cells if they are left blank (i.e. test was not administered rather than score was 0) while using the weighted average function described here? Thanks for your help.

• Hui says:

@Jeff
Does: =SUMPRODUCT((A3:A5)*(B3:B5)*(B3:B5<>""))/SUMPRODUCT((A3:A5)*(B3:B5<>""))
Help?

• Jeff says:

That actually gives me a #DIV/0! error. I'm not familiar with the (B3:B5<>"") string. What does that indicate? Is there a way to upload a file? I would be happy to just put the whole thing up so it would be easier to see what I am doing. I can also always use the workaround I have, it just seems unnecessarily messy.

• Jeff says:

UPDATE: That equation does work, however, you have to identify the cell as a matrix calculation. When the equation is entered it will initially give a #DIV/0!. Highlight the cell and hit CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER. Then it calculates correctly. I am using Office 2010, so I am not sure if this applies in any other versions as well.

47. 4th grade teacher says:

I am working on a spreadsheet that I input scores from a test.  Some questions are 1 point and others are .5 points.  My problem is that when I go to average these cells the percentage is off.  I get 68.2% when the scores needs to be 81.25%.  So the test is out of 8 points total and there is 6 problems that are 1 point and 6 problems worth 0.5 points.  How do I get it to give me a correct average?
Sincerely,
Desperate Teacher

• 4th grade teacher says:

Sorry 5 problems are 1 point and 6 problems are 0.5 point.

• Chandoo says:

@Desperate teacher... welcome to Chandoo.org

Write your scores & points like this:

Then, you can use a formula like,

=SUMPRODUCT(points, scores)/SUM(points)

48. Fred says:

OK, so I have to come up with an average. I have 35 surveys with a 92% satisfaction and 9 with a 100% satisfaction. How do I write a formula to show me the average of all 44 surveys?

• Hui says:

@Fred
=(35*0.92+9*1)/(35+9)

49. Frustrated Analyst!! says:

Hello - I am trying to find the average number of days it takes to complete a task. An example of my data is:
Column one=
0 days
1
2
3
4
Column 2 =
23
9
55
1088
1030

So I need the zero to be counted to represent the tasks that were done on the same day they were started... I cannot figure it out!! Please help!

• Hui... says:

Frustrated Analyst!!
Isn't it simply
=(23+9+55+1088+1030)/5
=441 things per day
So it really depends on the speed at what your doing things

If you have to make 2205 things
it will take 2 days at 1088 per day
but several weeks at 9 per day

50. Head Scratcher says:

Hi--I think my problem could be solved by a combination of lookup and sumproduct but I cannot figure it out.  I have a group of different omelettes and a few of those omelettes roll up to a more general group (i.e., NY, PA, and NC Omelettes roll into East Coast).  I need to do a weighted average of NY/PA/NC Omelettes for East Coast.  I need the formula to first look into the Level column.  If 1, find the price in the data sheet.  If 2, go to column A and find OMEL in this case, find all the rows that have OMEL (however many rows) in the Code column, and do a sumproduct with the Category Mix % and Avg Price for those rows and put the weighted average in the cell.  Thanks so much!

A
B
C
D
E
F

1
Item #
Omelettes
Level
Code
Category Mix
Avg Price

2
256
Colorado Omelette
1

25.0%
\$6.80

3
378
LA Omelette
1

15.0%
\$6.20

4
OMEL
East Coast Omelettes
2

30.0%
\$X.XX

5
123
NY Omelette
1
OMEL
60.0%
\$4.50

6
124
PA Omelette
1
OMEL
15.0%
\$6.70

7
125
NC Omelette
1
OMEL
25.0%
\$3.90

8
657
Texas Omelette
1

10.0%
\$8.60

9
864
Arizona Omelette
1

5.0%
\$7.30

10
395
Ohio Omelette
1

15.0%
\$5.50

• Head Scratcher says:

Hope this table is more understandable:
Item #   Omelettes           Level   Code   Category Mix  Avg Price
256        CO Omel              1                    25%             \$6.80
378        LA Omel               1                    15%             \$6.20
OMEL      East Coast Omel    2                    30%             \$X.XX
123           NY Omel             1       OMEL      60%            \$4.50
124           PA Omel             1       OMEL      15%            \$6.70
125           NC Omel             1       OMEL      25%            \$3.90
657       TX Omel                 1                     10%            \$8.60
864       AZ Omel                 1                     5%              \$7.30
395       OH Omel                1                      15%            \$5.50

51. Not Your Average Analyst says:

Hello - I am trying to figure out how to  create an average line on a graph. When I try to create it, the line always ends at the correct average but begins at zero. How do I make an automated average line that is completely vertical | ?

Thank you!

52. Happy Healer says:

HUI: Hello, I use wtd grades for student grading. I was wonndering if there is a way to determine a students grade at a certain date along the program. For example, say Alex is mid way through the course and at this point, 60% of the total points for the course could be achieved. Using the template I have created, it gives me a skewed result for grades up until the final score is entered at the end of the course. For example, if Alex has recieved 90% on test A, 87% on test B, 94% on test C, but test D and E have yet to be administered. The 5 tests are worth a total of 100% of the overall grade, but since 2 tests have no scores available, the weighted grade percent will not reflect his actual grade at this moment. How do I use excel to calculate that? Thanks!

• Hui... says:

@Happy Healer
As you aren't weighting the individual tests,
Wouldn't it simply be the average of his scores to date?
=Average(90, 87, 94)
=90.33

ps: Sorry for the delay, I was traveling in April and obviously missed the post

53. Saw-Fro says:

Hi all,

Quick question.

What if some of the values are negative values, does the formula still work?

Thanks,

SF

• Hui... says:

@Saw-Fro

Yes, Negatives don't affect the answer except that they reduce the average

```100 0.1 200 0.2 300 0.3 400 0.2 500 0.2 Ave (weighted) 320```

``` ```

```100 0.1 200 0.2 -300 0.3 400 0.2 500 0.2 Ave (weighted) 140```

54. Saw-Fro says:

thanks for your prompt reply - I figured out what was wrong about it. The negative values were not negative initially - I made them using a custom number formula hence why I thought the formula was not working. After making each value negative manually it worked.

Thanks!!

55. Paycheck Easy says:

It's really a great and helpful piece of info. I am satisfied that you shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

56. NM says:

SEPT '12 SEPT '13
A 102 85
B 970 1,004
C 380 307
D 33 27
Grand Total 1,452 1,396

Hello,
can you help me calculate the weighted average between these two time period

• Chandoo says:

@NM... I am not sure I understand this question. Can you tell me what you have in mind when you say "weighted average between these two time periods" ?

• Hui... says:

@NM
What field are you weighting on?
Can you explain your request maybe with an example?

57. NM says:

2013 2012 Delta Weighted Change
Site A 1003 966 +3.8% 2.6%
Site B 307 380 -19.2% -5.0%
Site C 85 102 -16.7% 1.2%
Total 1,395 1,448 -3.7% -3.7%

Here is an example: with the weighted change previously calculated. Now I am trying to determine how to calculate the weighted change with these new figures below. My guess is Sept 13 should be the weighted field..

SEPT ’12 SEPT ’13
A 102 85
B 970 1,004
C 380 307
D 33 27
Total 1,452 1,396

• Hui... says:

@NM

I understand the Delta
But have no idea how Weighted was calculated

Typically when doing weighted averages, you have a second or more fields which are the weighting fields

58. bageshri says:

Hi,

I intend to design a excel based rating system . How do i dervie a rating based on a) Target % b) Goal weightage.
Note- rating 1 ( best) , rating 5 (worst)
Goal weightage on scale of 1 to 5.

59. Sameerah Drinkard says:

Weighted grade
48.07/70
68.94 what grade is that?

60. J Scott says:

Chandoo,

Once again you have guided me along the path of correctness. Thanks for the help!

61. Tarun says:

Hi Chandoo, in your example you have average salary of a department and you are trying to calculate average salary of an employee. for that you need to know "actual total salary" of each department and then use that in the weighted average formula, you have used avg. salary of the department instead. isn't this wrong ?

62. JB says:

Very cool site.

Need help calculating weighted average yield on assets.

I have a spreadsheet with over 200,000 rows with assets totaling over \$2.5 billion. Each row has about 120 columns with different stats for each loan. One of the columns is "asset amount" (\$) and the other is "yield" (%).

I am using SUMIFS to filter the assets based on certain criteria (about 20 unique items), which generates a total dollar amount of assets out of the \$2.5 billion that are in the entire spreadsheet.

I need to calculate the weighted average yield only on the filtered assets (which total well below the \$2.5 billion). How can I create the weights for the resulting assets since the denominator changes every time I change the filters?

Thanks.

• Hui... says:

@JB
I'd suggest using a Sumproduct based formula

Can you post a set of data or email me ?

63. Claudia says:

Thanks for this, i found it very useful.

I'm having problems finding a weighted average when dealing with time spent in a task, because each entry has its own time...
I don't know if I'm being clear on this, english is not my mother language, sorry.

For exemple:
I have 500 tasks, divided in 5 categories. But the time spent is always diferent (5m, 4m59, 5m05, 4m48, etc.), so I'm not able to group them in quantities for each category.

Can anyone help me?

64. Osama Masood Khan says:

Hello Chandoo,

I have company attendance data of employees in the following form which extract it from MS SharePoint 2010. I need to know that extract data is in the form of decimal value for e.g. clock in time is like 9.34 so do I consider it 9:31 AM, if not how to convert it in a time value.

Name Clock In Clock Out Status Time Spent
XYZ 9.16 20.30 Present 11.14

I need to calculate team attendance averages but some employees come late or even late which I think disturbs my average.

65. Kian says:

I have 60k+ of Sumproduct and it really slow in my recalculation. I read from your website too, 75-excel-speeding-up-tips. That I need to change my formula from Sumproduct to Sumif.

Do you mind show some light? Having trouble to find in the criteria.

• Hui... says:

@Kian
Depending on exactly what your doing there may be other functions that can be used as well

Please ask the question in the Chandoo.org Forums and attach a sample file
http://chandoo.org/forum/

66. Charmaine says:

How would you calculate the WEIGHTED MEDIAN of a data set that is presented as values and frequencies. The values are 1 to 5 of a likert scale.

67. Kevin says:

How would I use this formula in a whole column, while keeping the same row of numbers for the sum? Here's an example:

=SUMPRODUCT(AC3:AO3, AC1:AO1)/SUM(AC1:AO1)

So I'd want to use this formula for different data in each row I have, but keep the weighted data "AC1:AO1" the same for each row. So the next row would have the formula:

=SUMPRODUCT(AC4:AO4, AC1:AO1)/SUM(AC1:AO1)

and so on. When I click and drag the formula to apply it to the whole column, I instead get this for the next row:

=SUMPRODUCT(AC4:AO4, AC2:AO2)/SUM(AC2:AO2)

Is there a way to keep the AC1:AO1 part of the formula the same.

Thank you so much for looking into this!

68. […] Weighted Average in Excel – Formulas to Calculate Weighted … – Learn how to calculate weighted averages in excel using formulas. In this article we will learn what a weighted average is and how to Excel’s SUMPRODUCT formula […]

69. sb says:

Looking for a running total in Excel with weights.

Assigned and Completed [weight*score]: .4*100 + .2*80 + .1*90
Not Assigned Yet [weight]: .3

How to get Excel to ignore Not Assigned Yet ?

70. Aveek Bose says:

I have a question. I am trying to calculate in a weighted average method where the value for corresponding weights is both in figure and percentage. How do i calculate the same if I do not have the total value from which i can convert the percentage into integers.

• Hui... says:

@Aveek

Can you ask the question in the Chandoo.org forums
http://forum.chandoo.org/

Please attach a sample file to clarify the question and get a more specific answer

71. Malyne says:

I have Scores, Weight, Goal in my excel but I was wondering how to get the actual percentage. Can someone help me?

• Hui... says:

@Malyne

When you talk Percentage are you refering to percentage of the start weight, target weight or Percentage of the weight to be lost?

Can you post your question at the Chandoo.org Forums?
http://forum.chandoo.org/

Please attach a sample file to receive a more targeted response

72. Sherrie says:

Hello,

I have multiple tasks that I am measuring. I have the # of tasks that can be completed in 1 hour. I want to weight the tasks so that all are measured fairly.

Currently employees working the fast/easier tasks can process more per hour than those working slow/easier tasks and are achieving a higher tasks/hour rating.

How do I determined be the weights?

How do I apply the weights to the actual tasks each employee completes?

73. KVM says:

I am trying to calculate the variance between budget to actual for various departments so I can get a per unit. I was trying to use weighted average. At the end, I need to end up with a variance per unit\$. How do I do it? here's the sample data:
Division Actual \$ Actual Units Budget \$ Budget Units
Division Actual \$ Actual Units Budget \$ Budget Units
1 \$319,652 52,880 \$294,416 57,124
2 \$2,207,091 166,255 \$2,267,253 173,708
3 \$944,691 16,827 \$881,216 17,321
\$73,388 2,115 \$87,738 2,512
\$3,544,823 238,078 \$3,530,623 250,665

Total variance per unit FOR ALL DIVISIONS

74. Tacticlight 360 Review says:

It's going to be end of mine day, but before finish I am reading this
enormous article to increase my experience.

75. Carlos says:

I use sumproduct to analyze training evaluations. Participants submit their evaluation of training content, process, and trainer(s) via Qualtrics. The downloaded CSV file needs a lot of manipulation to get question averages, overall average for the training, and overall average for the trainer. Sumproducts makes the calculation SO MUCH EASIER!

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