100+ Excel Formula Examples + List
The first step of getting awesome in Excel is to understand that you can ask Excel do things for you. This is done by speaking a special language called as “Excel Formulas”. When you write a formula or function, you are asking Excel to figure out something from the values you have. Say you want to add up a bunch of values in a range A1:A10, you can ask Excel to do this for you by writing =SUM(A1:A10) and bingo, you get the result immediately. The best part is, if your numbers change, the answer changes too.
If you are a beginner, Excel formula list can feel overwhelming. Why not? There are hundreds of different formulas in Excel. So which formulas should you learn?
This guide gives you the answer. Here is a 100+ Excel formula list for every occasion. Each box describes a problem statement, an example, result, some notes and link to learn more. Use this guide to learn formulas quickly.
Data for Excel formula list in this guide
Most formula examples shown here are selfexplanatory. In some places I have used a table of data, called staff. Here is a snapshot of the Staff table. When looking a formula example, refer to this image to understand how the calculation works.
If you have never used tables before, check out Excel Tables – What are they and how to use them? to learn more.
Excel Formula List by topic
This page is rather long. So I have broken it in to sections. Click on below links to navigate or use CTRL+F on your browser to search for a function / formula howto.
 Numbers, values, summaries and statistics
 Check things, apply business rules and logic control
 Lookup items
 Convert data
 Text values, strings, words and phrases
 Date, time and calendar
 Operations on numbers
 Check and prevent errors
 Generate randomized data
Formulas related to numbers, values, summaries and statistics
Excel offers many functions when it comes to working with numeric values. Use below example formulas and functions to work efficiently with numbers. Learn how to calculate count, sum, average and other statistical summaries from your data. Apart from the functions discussed here, you can also use operators like + (to add things), (to subtract), *(to multiply), /(to divide), %(to convert a value to percentage), ^(to raise the power), ~(to negate a Boolean value) and brackets to create expressions.
Add some values 

Example 
=SUM(5,6,9) 
Result  20 
Add values from a range of cells 

Example 
=SUM(A1:A5) 
Result  125 
Sum up values from a table reference 

Example 
=SUM(staff[Salary]) 
Result  $ 945,000 
Sum of numbers that meet conditions 

Example 
=SUMIFS(staff[Salary], staff[Department],"Sales") 
Result  $ 279,000 
Learn more about this formula: SUMIFS formula 
Sum of numbers greater than (less than etc.) something 

Example 
=SUMIFS(A1:A6, A1:A6,">25") 
Result  100 
Learn more about this formula: SUMIFS formula 
Sum of numbers that are currently filtered 

Example 
=SUBTOTAL(109,staff[Salary]) 
Result  $ 945,000 
Learn more about this formula: SUBTOTAL function 
Count of numbers that are currently filtered 

Example 
=SUBTOTAL(103,staff[Name]) 
Result  13 
Learn more about this formula: SUBTOTAL function 
Running total in a column, adjacent to original data 

Type this formula in first cell and drag down to get running total.  
Example 
=SUM($A$1:A1) 
Result  10 
Count of numbers in a range 

Example 
=COUNT(A1:A6) 
Result  6 
Count of all values (including text) 

Example 
=COUNTA(staff[Name]) 
Result  13 
Count of blank values in the input (range or table column) 

Example 
=COUNTBLANK(A1:A20) 
Result  14 
Count number of nonblank values 

ROWS formula tells how rows are there in a range. You can also use COLUMNS  
Example 
=ROWS(A1:A20)COUNTBLANK(A1:A20) 
Result  6 
Count how many items have met given conditions 

Example 
=COUNTIFS(staff[Department],"IT") 
Result  3 
Count how many items begin with given text 

* is a wild card. You can use it to match any number of letters. If you want to match a single letter, use ?  
Example 
=COUNTIFS(staff[Name],"J*") 
Result  13 
Count how many items end with given pattern 

Example 
=COUNTIFS(staff[Name],"*n") 
Result  4 
Count how many items contain given word 

Example 
=COUNTIFS(staff[Name],"*an*") 
Result  3 
Average of given numbers 

Example 
=AVERAGE(staff[Salary]) 
Result  $ 72,692 
Learn more about this formula: More about Averages in your analysis 
Average of given numbers satisfying conditions 

Example 
=AVERAGEIFS(staff[Salary],staff[Department], "HR") 
Result  $ 77,333 
Average of positive numbers 

Example 
=AVERAGEIFS(A1:A10,A1:A10,">0") 
Result  25.83 
Average of numbers excluding top & bottom 10% values 

Example 
=TRIMMEAN(staff[Salary],10%) 
Result  $ 72,692 
7 day moving average from daily data 

Type this formula in first cell and drag down to get moving average.  
Example 
=AVERAGE(A1:A7) 
Result  25.83 
Learn more about this formula: Moving Average in Excel 
Weighted average of numbers 

A1:A6 contain values and B1:B6 contain weights  
Example 
=SUMPRODUCT(A1:A6,B1:B6) 
Result  2,550 
Learn more about this formula: Weighted Average Formula 
Median of a range of values 

Example 
=MEDIAN(staff[Salary]) 
Result  $ 76,000 
Most frequent number in a range (MODE) 

If your list has multiple MODEs, use MODE.MULT to return all of them as a new list.  
Example 
=MODE.SNGL(1,2,3,3,2,1,1,5,6,7,3,4,8,9) 
Result  1 
Statistical quartiles of given values 

Use 1 for first quartile, 2 for median, 3 for third quartile. EXC means 0 & 1 are excluded when calculating quartiles.  
Example 
=QUARTILE.EXC(staff[Salary],1) 
Result  $ 59,500 
90th (or any other) percentile of given values 

Example 
=PERCENTILE.EXC(staff[Salary],0.9) 
Result  $ 89,000 
Minimum value among a list of numbers 

Example 
=MIN(A1:A6) 
Result  10 
3rd smallest (or any other) among a list 

Example 
=SMALL(staff[Salary],3) 
Result  $ 59,000 
Rank of a number in a list of values 

If two numbers share a rank, then the rank will be averaged. Use RANK.EQ to return same rank for both numbers  
Example 
=RANK.AVG(76000, staff[Salary]) 
Result  7 
Maximum value from a list of values 

Example 
=MAX(staff[Salary]) 
Result  $ 89,000 
2nd largest value in a spreadsheet range 

Example 
=LARGE(A2:A7,2) 
Result  30 
Formulas to do operations on numbers
Whenever you have some numbers in a worksheet, you may want to run some operations like rounding them or extracting integer portion etc. on them. In this section, see some of the frequently used number operations.
Remainder after dividing two numbers 

Example 
=MOD(31,7) 
Result  3 
Round a number to nearest whole number or fraction 

Example 
=ROUND(PI(),4) 
Result  3.1416 
Round a number to nearest multiple of x 

Example 
=MROUND(27,4) 
Result  28 
Integer portion of a number 

Example 
=INT(19/7) 
Result  2 
Percentage change (variance) from one value to another 

H4 is 35000, H5 is 38000  
Example 
=H5/H41 
Result  8.57% 
Decimal portion of a number 

Example 
=MOD(PI(),1) 
Result  0.141592654 
Absolute value of a number 

Example 
=ABS(3043) 
Result  13 
Calculate power of one number to another 

Example 
=7^3 
Result  343 
Formulas related to check things, apply business rules and logic control
Microsoft Excel has several powerful functions to check things and set up control or business logic in your workbooks. You can use IF function to write simple logic expressions or nest multiple IF functions for more complex scenarios. You can also use newly introduced IFS function to write long multistep if function. This only works in Office 365 or Excel online. See below examples to learn more about formulas and functions to check things and apply business rules.
Check a condition and output one of the two possible values 

Example 
=IF(A9>20,"Too high", "Too low") 
Result  Too low 
Learn more about this formula: Writing logical rules in Excel 
Check if multiple conditions are true (AND) 

Example 
=AND(A9>5,B9<20) 
Result  FALSE 
Check if any condition is true (OR) 

Example 
=OR(E10="Sales", F10>90000, D10=A9) 
Result  FALSE 
Logical NOT check 

Example 
=NOT("Sam"="Samuel") 
Result  TRUE 
Check if either this or that (Exclusive OR) 

Will be TRUE only if either A1>10 or B1>10 but not both or neither.  
Example 
=XOR(A9>10, B9>10) 
Result  FALSE 
Learn more about this formula: More on XOR 
Select one among multiple values 

Picks a value from a list of values, in this case, picks A2 as it is the 3rd value.  
Example 
=CHOOSE(3,A9,B10,A10,B11) 
Result  0 
Learn more about this formula: CHOOSE Function 
Multiple IF conditions as IFS 

A9 has 7. Works only in Office 365, Office online (and may be in Excel 2019)  
Example 
=ifs(A9>10, "This is too high", A9>5, "This is ok", A9>2,"Almost low", A9<=2,"Really low") 
Result  This is ok 
Check if a value is present in a list 

Example 
=IF(COUNTIFS(staff[Name],"Jan")>0,"Yes, Jan is in there","No, no such person") 
Result  Yes, Jan is in there 
Check multiple conditions as nested IF 

Example 
=IF(A9>10, "This is too high",IF( A9>5, "This is ok", IF(A9>2,"Almost low", "Really low"))) 
Result  Really low 
Check if a value is between two other values 

Example 
=IF(AND(A9>=10,A9<=20),"Between 10 and 20","Nope, not between 10 and 20") 
Result  Nope, not between 10 and 20 
Learn more about this formula: Between Formula 
Is a cell blank? 

Example 
=ISBLANK(A18) 
Result  TRUE 
Is a value even? 

Example 
=ISEVEN(7) 
Result  FALSE 
Is a value odd? 

Example 
=ISODD(7) 
Result  TRUE 
Is a cell contains number? 

Example 
=ISNUMBER(A9) 
Result  FALSE 
Is a cell contains formula? 

Example 
=ISFORMULA(A9) 
Result  FALSE 
Is a cell (or formula) ends up in error? 

Example 
=ISERROR(7/0) 
Result  TRUE 
Formulas to work with text values, strings, words and phrases
While Excel is predominantly a number driven tool, we still have lots of text values in spreadsheets. Excel has many powerful and elegant text processing functions to help you extract, analyze or understand your text / string values. You can use the special operator & to combine text values or even work with newly introduced TEXTJOIN() function to combine a range of values to one. Keep in mind, this TEXTJOIN only works in Office 365 or Excel Online at the moment. In the below examples, know how to work with string / text values in your workbooks using formulas.
Convert text to lower case 

Example 
=LOWER("hello") 
Result  hello 
Convert text to upper case 

Example 
=UPPER(D3) 
Result  JAMES 
Convert text to proper case (each word's first letter capitalized) 

Example 
=PROPER("this is a long sentence") 
Result  This Is A Long Sentence 
Combine different text values to one text 

Example 
=CONCATENATE(A3, " and ", A4) 
Result  30 and 25 
Combine different text values to one text 

Example 
=A3&" and "&A4 
Result  30 and 25 
Extract first few letters from a text 

Example 
=LEFT("India",3) 
Result  Ind 
Extract last few letters from a text 

Example 
=RIGHT("New Zealand",4) 
Result  land 
Extract middle portion from given text 

Example 
=MID("United States",4,5) 
Result  ted S 
What is the length of given text value 

Example 
=LEN("Chandoo.org") 
Result  11 
Substitute one word with another 

Example 
=SUBSTITUTE("Microsoft Excel","cel","cellent") 
Result  Microsoft Excellent 
Replace some letters with other 

Example 
=REPLACE("abc@email.com",5,1,"g") 
Result  abc@gmail.com 
Find if a text has another text 

Example 
=FIND("soft","Microsoft Excel") 
Result  6 
Extract initials from a name 

H1 contains Bill Jelen  
Example 
=LEFT(H1,1)&MID(H1,FIND(" ",H1)+1,1) 
Result  BJ 
Find out how many words are in a sentence 

H2 contains "This is a very long sentence with lots of words"  
Example 
=LEN(H2)LEN(SUBSTITUTE(H2," ",""))+1 
Result  10 
Remove unnecessary spaces from a cell 

Example 
=TRIM(" chandoo. org ") 
Result  chandoo. org 
Remove anything after a symbol or word 

H3 contains someone@something.com  
Example 
=LEFT(H3,FIND("@",H3)1) 
Result  someone 
Formulas to work with date, time and calendar
Date and time values are very important when working with business data. That is why, Excel has many functions in this space. You can use TODAY() to figure out what is the current date or use DATE() to generate a date that you want. In the below examples, learn how to calculate some of the most common date and time related stuff using Excel.
What is today's date? 

Example 
=TODAY() 
Result  6/27/2018 
What is the current date & time? 

Example 
=NOW() 
Result  6/27/2018 12:00 
Create a date value from year, month and day 

Example 
=DATE(2018,10,20) 
Result  10/20/2018 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Create a time value from hour, minute and second 

Example 
=TIME(9,45,21) 
Result  9:45 AM 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Get day of month from given date 

Example 
=DAY(TODAY()) 
Result  27 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
What month is a given date on? 

Example 
=MONTH(DATEVALUE("12July1999")) 
Result  7 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Extract year from a date 

Example 
=YEAR(TODAY()) 
Result  2018 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Find out day of week (number) from a date 

Example 
=WEEKDAY(TODAY()) 
Result  4 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Find out day of week (name of the day) from a date 

Use DDD to see short form of day name, such as SUN, MON etc.  
Example 
=TEXT(TODAY(), "DDDD") 
Result  Wednesday 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
What is the name of a month from a date? 

Use MMM to see short form of month name, such as Jan, Feb etc.  
Example 
=TEXT(TODAY(), "MMMM") 
Result  June 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Hour from time 

Example 
=HOUR(NOW()) 
Result  12 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Minute from time 

Example 
=MINUTE(NOW()) 
Result  0 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Second from time 

Example 
=SECOND(NOW()) 
Result  2 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
What is the date after / before x months 

Example 
=EDATE(TODAY(),3) 
Result  9/27/2018 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
What is the last date of a month? 

Example 
=EOMONTH(DATE(2018,8,1),0) 
Result  8/31/2018 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Calculate number of days between two dates 

Example 
=DATE(2018,12,1)DATEVALUE("1july2018") 
Result  153 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Calculate number of years between two dates 

You can also use (date1date2)/365 to calculate number of years between 2 dates  
Example 
=YEARFRAC(DATE(2009,9,24),TODAY(),1) 
Result  8.76 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Number of weeks between two dates 

Example 
=INT((DATE(2018,12,1)DATEVALUE("1july2018"))/7) 
Result  21 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
What is the date after / before x working days (excluding weekends etc.) 

This assumes Saturday & Sunday are weekends. If you have some other workweek pattern, use the 3rd parameter of WORKDAY.INTL to specify that. Likewise, you can also specify a list of special holidays (New Years Day, Diwali, Ramadan or Christmas etc.) to exclude them too  
Example 
=WORKDAY.INTL(TODAY(),12) 
Result  7/13/2018 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
How many working days are between two dates? 

This assumes Saturday & Sunday are weekends. If you have some other workweek pattern, use the 3rd parameter of NETWORKDAYS.INTL to specify that. Likewise, you can also specify a list of special holidays (New Years Day, Diwali, Ramadan or Christmas etc.) to exclude them too  
Example 
=NETWORKDAYS.INTL(TODAY(),DATE(2018,12,31)) 
Result  134 
Learn more about this formula: Working with date & time values in Excel 
Formulas to lookup items
Lookup functions help us answer specific questions from business data, like which customer placed the order number PQ1234? You can use them to ask simple questions or combine lookup functions with other formulas in Excel to find more complex things. In these examples, learn how to write some of the most common lookup functions in Excel.
Lookup a value in a table and find corresponding items (example, salary of an employee) 

Finds John in the staff table's first column and returns value from 3rd column (salary)  
Example 
=VLOOKUP("John", staff, 3, FALSE) 
Result  $ 77,000 
Learn more about this formula: All you want to know about VLOOKUP 
Lookup a pattern in a table and find corresponding items (example, salary of an employee) 

Example 
=VLOOKUP("Jon*", staff,2,FALSE) 
Result  Production 
Learn more about this formula: VLOOKUP with wild cards 
What is the position of a value in a list? 

Example 
=MATCH(76000,staff[Salary],0) 
Result  10 
Learn more about this formula: Using MATCH formula 
Formulas to convert one data to another type of data
Often, we end up having data that is not in the right format to do our job. You can use conversion formulas to change data from one type to another.
Convert a cell to number 

Here . Is the thousand's separator and , is decimal point (i.e. European notation)  
Example 
=NUMBERVALUE("123.456,78",",",".") 
Result  123,456.78 
Convert a value to date 

Example 
=DATEVALUE("1jul2018") 
Result  7/1/2018 
Convert a cell to number (another technique) 

You can also +0 to a text value to convert it to number.  
Example 
="12456.78"*1 
Result  12,456.78 
Formulas to check and prevent errors
We can't escape bad coffee, occasionally annoying bosses and errors. Of course, Excel can't help you with first two, but it does a fine job of handling errors for us. Learn how to use the important error handling and checking functions in Excel.
Show a different value if a formula has an error 

Example 
=IFERROR(VLOOKUP("Sam",staff,3,FALSE),"Employee not found") 
Result  Employee not found 
Learn more about this formula: IFERROR 
Show a different value if a formula has an NA error 

Example 
=IFNA(7/0,"This will appear if the error is #N/A") 
Result  #DIV/0! 
Is a cell (or formula) ends up in error? 

Example 
=ISERROR(7/0) 
Result  TRUE 
Safely divide one number with another 

Example 
=IF(A2=0,"",A1/A2) 
Result  0.5 
Formulas to generate randomized data
Once in a while you need to generate or create random data in Excel. You can use either RAND() or RANDBETWEEN() to complete the job. In these examples, learn how to create most common types of random data using Excel.
Generate a random number 

The output changes every time you make a change in your spreadsheet.  
Example 
=RAND() 
Result  0.948708709 
Generate a random phone number 

The output changes every time you make a change in your spreadsheet.  
Example 
=RANDBETWEEN(1000000000,9999999999) 
Result  (535) 0501262 
Generate a random letter from alphabet 

The output changes every time you make a change in your spreadsheet.  
Example 
=CHAR(RANDBETWEEN(CODE("A"),CODE("Z"))) 
Result  Z 
Create a random option from a list of values 

The output changes every time you make a change in your spreadsheet.  
Example 
=INDEX(staff[Name], RANDBETWEEN(1,COUNTA(staff[Name]))) 
Result  June 
Want some other example? Post a comment
Are you looking for some other example? Please post a comment explaining what you are looking for so our community can help you.
And of course, if you love this guide, please share it with your friends using the buttons below.
Hello Awesome...
My name is Chandoo. Thanks for dropping by. My mission is to make you awesome in Excel & your work. I live in Wellington, New Zealand. When I am not F9ing my formulas, I cycle, cook or play lego with my kids. Know more about me.
I hope you enjoyed this article. Visit Excel for Beginner or Advanced Excel pages to learn more or may be join my online video class to master Excel.
Thank you and see you around.

Leave a Reply
« How to undo in Power Query [Quick Tip]  Play spreadsheet soccer with Excel Penalty Game [VBA] » 
42 Responses to “100+ Excel Formula Examples + List”
This is a very good compilation. well thought through. thanks guys for this knowledge sharing tips
great
your always on top
Marvelous!
These details were very useful. Excellent for beginners.
Awesome Chandoo...Keep up the great work!!
And I thought I know Excel. Thank you
You are great.
Awesome list! A handy bookmark reference for formulas I don't use very often. Thanks!
Excellent and very much useful, thank you very much
Very useful
I am always fan of you. Tell me how can I learn more from you. You are awesome teacher of excel.
Great Post about excel formulas, and after seeing your blog you are one point solution for Excel.
Well worth thank you for sharing
This is a great list and reference. I did notice something that threw me off as I was deconstructing a formula.
The results for the 'Find out how many words are in a sentence' section have a result of 1 instead of 10. Also, the example references H2 while the formula references H4.
Keep up the great work and always looking forward to more great content.
Thanks,
A Fan
@Jesse N: Good spotting and thank you for letting me know. I have fixed the problem now.
I know your real name is 'Can Do !! '
@microuser 🙂 Thank you for the kind words
Greatly AWESOME!
Good Job and thank you for the improve our knowledge.
CHANDOO, U R unbeatable!
U R 2 far from me!
(Pun intended, obviously!)
Very good and very useful
Thank you very much
i want to know more
Great works Mr Awesome
The world will never be the same again.
thanks for sharing such valuable formulas
Thanks sir. I vil definitely try all these.
Awesome !!!
Brilliant, this sums up all
Sir, can we make search able drop down list like google search in excel
Thanks for all that you share. It is all very valuable stuff though as an old man, I like your podcasts most. Please keep creating and posting your podcasts more frequently.
My new favorite bookmark  thanks Chandoo!
You are wonderful excel guru, and I appreciate your love, kindness, support and generosity. Thank you.
Sid
What an absolute star!
Awesome. Been your fan for a long time now.
Plz help.. I am still not sure of the difference between MODE & MODE.SNGL
@MJ... here we go
1) MODE.SNGL gives you the most frequent item in a list of values. If there are multiple items that are most frequent, then this will give the first such number. For ex. {1,1,2,2,3} , MODE.SNGL gives 1
2) MODE.MULT gives you a list of all most frequent items. In the example {1,1,2,2,3}, MODE.MULT gives {1,2} as an array. If you select two cells and press CTRL+Shift+Enter on MODE.MULT({1,1,2,2,3}) then you will get both numbers, one per cell.
3) MODE is the original excel function for this kind of thing. The result will be same as MODE.SNGL. It is there for backwards compatibility.
For your work, either use MODE.SNGL or MODE.MULT. If you have a colleague or client still using older versions of Excel, then switch to MODE.
Hope that helps.
Thanks Chandoo. Good reference.
Dear Chandoo
How to select two cells and then press CTRL+Shift+Enter on MODE.MULT({1,1,2,2,3}) at the same time as I select the 2 cells?
I tried but failed miserably. Pl enlighten.
This is fabulous, no doubt.
One minor comment, though.
In the "Remove anything after a symbol or word" tip, I'd wrap the original formula with IFERROR in case the desired character "@" was not found.
Something like:
=IFERROR(LEFT(H3,FIND("@",H3)1),"Error. Character not found in string")
Best Regards
Chandoo, you are as great as shah rukh khan.
Brilliant.
Thanks Chandoo. Good reference.
Super. thanks a lot for sharing very useful Formula in Excel
Hi Chandoo
thanks a lot for sharing Excel Formula, I appreciate your kindness and support
thank you
It's really helpful, Thanks for sharing