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# CP030: Detecting fraud in data using Excel – 5 techniques for you

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In the 30th session of Chandoo.org podcast, let’s learn how to uncover fraud in data.

### What is in this session?

In the wake of hedge fund scams, accounting frauds and globalization, We, analysts are constantly second guessing every source of data. So how do you answer a simple question like, “am I being lied to?” while looking at a set of numbers your supplier has sent you.

Here is an email Peter, one of our readers, sent me last week:

Dear Mr. Chandoo

Shown numbers are measurements from a certain industry process. They are sent to me from a subcontractor. I have to validate these numbers. But am I being lied to? Did they make up the values themselves?
Values can be between 1 and 6 per contract. They are not necessarily normal distributed because of different batches.

That got me thinking?

That is our topic for this podcast session.

In this podcast, you will learn

• Quick announcements about 50 ways & 200k BRM
• Introduction to fraud detection
• 5 techniques for detecting fraud
• Benford’s law
• Auto correlation
• Discontinuity at zero
• Analysis of distribution
• Learning systems & decision trees
• Implementing these techniques in Excel
• A word of caution

### Links & Resources mentioned in this podcast

50 ways to analyze data course:

Fraud Analysis theory & examples

Commonly occurring distributions

• Normal distribution
• Poisson distribution
• Exponential distribution
• Binomial distribution

Excel formulas & features to help you with fraud analysis

• SUMIFS / COUNTIFS formula
• FREQUENCY() function
• Data Analysis Toolpak (enable this free add-in from Developer > Add-ins)
• CORREL() function

### How do you detect fraud?

I never had to detect fraud. So when Peter sent that email, I learned about it by researching. Based on the little I know about this field, my personal favorites are Benford’s law, distribution analysis, discontinuity at expected value.

What about you? Do you deal with data that has certain amount of fraud? How do you detect and analyze it? Please share your suggestions & tips in comments area.

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### 4 Responses to “CP030: Detecting fraud in data using Excel – 5 techniques for you”

1. Green says:

Been on vacation? Been waiting for another post a while!

2. […] Detecting fraud in data using Excel – 5 techniques for you | Chandoo […]

3. Nitin says:

Thanks for the techniques..very nice

4. Very informative Chandoo! Thank your for the links!
Just to remind you, You are the Excel prophet in Lima, Perú!

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