Quickly filter a table by combination of selected cell values using VBA
Filtering is one of the most used feature in Excel. It is a quick way to take lots of data and narrow down to the subset we want.
Naturally, there are many powerful ways to work with filters. To name a few,
- Using CTRL+Shift+L shortcut to quickly turn on / off the filters
- Right clicking on a cell value and choosing filter > filter by selected cell’s value
- Using advanced filters to set up complex filtering conditions
But here is one common filtering scenario that is slow as snail.
Imagine you are looking at some sort of sales data (if you can’t imagine, look at the below demo).
Now, you want to filter this list for a combination like, gender=male, profession=self-employed, product category = chocolates and quantity = 1.
If you use the right click, filter > filter by selected value approach, this will take several clicks.
Wouldn’t it be cool if you can select the entire combination and say filter?
Unfortunately, no such feature exists in Excel.
But you are not aiming to be ordinary in Excel. You are aiming to be awesome in Excel. That means, you don’t take no for answer.
Fortunately, we can quickly write a VBA macro that filters a list by selection. So let’s do that. Here is what you will learn to create:
Filtering a table by selected combination of values using VBA
What we need to achieve?
Our goal is simple. User (that is you) selects a range of cells depicting the conditions for filtering. Something like this.
After selection, we fire up the filtering macro and instantly our list is filtered.
We can select a single-range or multiple cells (using CTRL+select technique)
Just to keep things simple, let’s assume the data is always in a table.
Algorithm / Steps for the VBA macro
Whenever you attempt to write VBA code, it is a good idea to start by writing down the steps in plain English. This is called as algorithm. By writing down the steps, we force our mind to think clearly about the problem at hand and come up with best possible solution.
Here are the steps for filtering the table by selected combination
- Make sure user has selected some values in a table
- Check if more than one row is selected. If so, exit as we don’t want to filter based OR conditions, we just want to filter based on AND conditions.
- For each cell in the selection
- Find out the corresponding column number
- Apply filtering on the table for corresponding column number with the cell’s value
- Repeat for next cell
VBA code – Filtering based on selected combination
Here is the VBA code for filtering based on selected combination. First examine the code. Then, we will understand key segments of it.
Sub combinationFilter() Dim cell As Range, tableObj As ListObject, subSelection As Range Dim filterCriteria() As String, filterFields() As Integer Dim i As Integer 'If the selection is in a table and one row height If Not Selection.ListObject Is Nothing And Selection.rows.Count = 1 Then Set tableObj = ActiveSheet.ListObjects(Selection.ListObject.Name) i = 1 ReDim filterCriteria(1 To Selection.Cells.Count) As String ReDim filterFields(1 To Selection.Cells.Count) As Integer ' handle multi-selects For Each subSelection In Selection.Areas For Each cell In subSelection filterCriteria(i) = cell.Text filterFields(i) = cell.Column - tableObj.Range.Cells(1, 1).Column + 1 i = i + 1 Next cell Next subSelection With tableObj.Range For i = 1 To UBound(filterCriteria) .AutoFilter field:=filterFields(i), Criteria1:=filterCriteria(i) Next i End With Set tableObj = Nothing End If End Sub
How does the
combinationFilter() macro work?
Checking if selected cells are inside a table
We start by checking if the selection is inside a table by checking if the
Selection.ListObject is not nothing. (Aside: there is no direct way to ask if there is a listobject. So we ask indirectly, by saying
Not Selection.ListObject Is Nothing.)
Once we know that Selection is inside a table, we grab the table object and set it to the variable
Finding out what to filter
To set filters on a table, we need to know the field number (ie column number inside the table) and filter criteria.
Filter criteria is denoted by cell values in the selection.
We are extracting filter criteria values & determining the column numbers for each of the selection’s cells using a simple For Each loop.
Setting up the filters
Once all the filter criteria are determined, we simply loop thru the criteria and set the filters on table using
How to use this macro for your data?
This macro is designed to work with any table. I have tested it in Excel 2010 & Excel 2013 and it seems to work alright.
To use it with your data, follow below steps.
- Open your personal macros file
- Copy the combinationFilter() macro and paste it in your Personal Macros workbook in a module
- Save and close personal macros file.
- Add this macro to Excel ribbon or quick access toolbar (QAT)
- To add to ribbon: Refer to below picture.
- To add to Quick Access Toolbar – click here for instructions.
- Once you select the combination to filter, click on the ribbon / QAT button.
Download Selected Combination Filter Macro
Please click here to download the example workbook. Play with the macro to understand it better.
New to VBA? Learn how to exploit its awesome power
If you are new to VBA, you might find above example both awesome & hard to digest. But don’t worry. Start with this simple crash course on VBA. Check out more VBA examples. Very soon you will be automating parts of your work and impressing your boss. All the best.
Do you find the combination filter useful?
When I first thought about this macro, I feared the code might be too long or confusing. But I am happy with the outcome. It is a crisp, simple and powerful macro that I can use often when working with lots of data.
What about you? Do you find this macro useful? How are you planning to deploy it for your work situations. Let me know in the comments area.
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