# 100+ Excel Formula Examples + List

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The first step of getting awesome in Excel is to understand that you can ask Excel do things for you. This is done by speaking a special language called as “Excel Formulas”. When you write a formula or function, you are asking Excel to figure out something from the values you have. Say you want to add up a bunch of values in a range A1:A10, you can ask Excel to do this for you by writing =SUM(A1:A10) and bingo, you get the result immediately. The best part is, if your numbers change, the answer changes too.

If you are a beginner, Excel formula list can feel overwhelming. Why not? There are hundreds of different formulas in Excel. So which formulas should you learn?

This guide gives you the answer. Here is a 100+ Excel formula list for every occasion. Each box describes a problem statement, an example, result, some notes and link to learn more. Use this guide to learn formulas quickly.

### Data for Excel formula list in this guide

Most formula examples shown here are self-explanatory. In some places I have used a table of data, called staff. Here is a snapshot of the Staff table. When looking a formula example, refer to this image to understand how the calculation works.

If you have never used tables before, check out Excel Tables – What are they and how to use them? to learn more.

## Excel Formula List by topic

This page is rather long. So I have broken it in to sections. Click on below links to navigate or use CTRL+F on your browser to search for a function / formula how-to.

## Formulas related to numbers, values, summaries and statistics

Excel offers many functions when it comes to working with numeric values. Use below example formulas and functions to work efficiently with numbers. Learn how to calculate count, sum, average and other statistical summaries from your data. Apart from the functions discussed here, you can also use operators like + (to add things), -(to subtract), *(to multiply), /(to divide), %(to convert a value to percentage), ^(to raise the power), ~(to negate a Boolean value) and brackets to create expressions.

### Add some values

Example
`=SUM(5,6,9)`
Result 20

### Add values from a range of cells

Example
`=SUM(A1:A5)`
Result 125

### Sum up values from a table reference

Example
`=SUM(staff[Salary])`
Result \$ 945,000

### Sum of numbers that meet conditions

Example
`=SUMIFS(staff[Salary], staff[Department],"Sales")`
Result \$ 279,000

### Sum of numbers greater than (less than etc.) something

Example
`=SUMIFS(A1:A6, A1:A6,">25")`
Result 100

### Sum of numbers that are currently filtered

Example
`=SUBTOTAL(109,staff[Salary])`
Result \$ 945,000

### Count of numbers that are currently filtered

Example
`=SUBTOTAL(103,staff[Name])`
Result 13

### Running total in a column, adjacent to original data

Type this formula in first cell and drag down to get running total.
Example
`=SUM(\$A\$1:A1)`
Result 10

### Count of numbers in a range

Example
`=COUNT(A1:A6)`
Result 6

### Count of all values (including text)

Example
`=COUNTA(staff[Name])`
Result 13

### Count of blank values in the input (range or table column)

Example
`=COUNTBLANK(A1:A20)`
Result 14

### Count number of non-blank values

ROWS formula tells how rows are there in a range. You can also use COLUMNS
Example
`=ROWS(A1:A20)-COUNTBLANK(A1:A20)`
Result 6

### Count how many items have met given conditions

Example
`=COUNTIFS(staff[Department],"IT")`
Result 3

### Count how many items begin with given text

* is a wild card. You can use it to match any number of letters. If you want to match a single letter, use ?
Example
`=COUNTIFS(staff[Name],"J*")`
Result 13

### Count how many items end with given pattern

Example
`=COUNTIFS(staff[Name],"*n")`
Result 4

### Count how many items contain given word

Example
`=COUNTIFS(staff[Name],"*an*")`
Result 3

### Average of given numbers

Example
`=AVERAGE(staff[Salary])`
Result \$ 72,692

### Average of given numbers satisfying conditions

Example
`=AVERAGEIFS(staff[Salary],staff[Department], "HR")`
Result \$ 77,333

### Average of positive numbers

Example
`=AVERAGEIFS(A1:A10,A1:A10,">0")`
Result 25.83

### Average of numbers excluding top & bottom 10% values

Example
`=TRIMMEAN(staff[Salary],10%)`
Result \$ 72,692

### 7 day moving average from daily data

Type this formula in first cell and drag down to get moving average.
Example
`=AVERAGE(A1:A7)`
Result 25.83

### Weighted average of numbers

A1:A6 contain values and B1:B6 contain weights
Example
`=SUMPRODUCT(A1:A6,B1:B6)`
Result 2,550

### Median of a range of values

Example
`=MEDIAN(staff[Salary])`
Result \$ 76,000

### Most frequent number in a range (MODE)

If your list has multiple MODEs, use MODE.MULT to return all of them as a new list.
Example
`=MODE.SNGL(1,2,3,3,2,1,1,5,6,7,3,4,8,9)`
Result 1

### Statistical quartiles of given values

Use 1 for first quartile, 2 for median, 3 for third quartile. EXC means 0 & 1 are excluded when calculating quartiles.
Example
`=QUARTILE.EXC(staff[Salary],1)`
Result \$ 59,500

### 90th (or any other) percentile of given values

Example
`=PERCENTILE.EXC(staff[Salary],0.9)`
Result \$ 89,000

### Minimum value among a list of numbers

Example
`=MIN(A1:A6)`
Result 10

### 3rd smallest (or any other) among a list

Example
`=SMALL(staff[Salary],3)`
Result \$ 59,000

### Rank of a number in a list of values

If two numbers share a rank, then the rank will be averaged. Use RANK.EQ to return same rank for both numbers
Example
`=RANK.AVG(76000, staff[Salary])`
Result 7

### Maximum value from a list of values

Example
`=MAX(staff[Salary])`
Result \$ 89,000

### 2nd largest value in a spreadsheet range

Example
`=LARGE(A2:A7,2)`
Result 30

## Formulas to do operations on numbers

Whenever you have some numbers in a worksheet, you may want to run some operations like rounding them or extracting integer portion etc. on them. In this section, see some of the frequently used number operations.

### Remainder after dividing two numbers

Example
`=MOD(31,7)`
Result 3

### Round a number to nearest whole number or fraction

Example
`=ROUND(PI(),4)`
Result 3.1416

### Round a number to nearest multiple of x

Example
`=MROUND(27,4)`
Result 28

### Integer portion of a number

Example
`=INT(19/7)`
Result 2

### Percentage change (variance) from one value to another

H4 is 35000, H5 is 38000
Example
`=H5/H4-1`
Result 8.57%

### Decimal portion of a number

Example
`=MOD(PI(),1)`
Result 0.141592654

### Absolute value of a number

Example
`=ABS(30-43)`
Result 13

Example
`=7^3`
Result 343

## Formulas related to check things, apply business rules and logic control

Microsoft Excel has several powerful functions to check things and set up control or business logic in your workbooks. You can use IF function to write simple logic expressions or nest multiple IF functions for more complex scenarios. You can also use newly introduced IFS function to write long multi-step if function. This only works in Office 365 or Excel online. See below examples to learn more about formulas and functions to check things and apply business rules.

### Check a condition and output one of the two possible values

Example
`=IF(A9>20,"Too high", "Too low")`
Result Too low

### Check if multiple conditions are true (AND)

Example
`=AND(A9>5,B9<20)`
Result FALSE

### Check if any condition is true (OR)

Example
`=OR(E10="Sales", F10>90000, D10=A9)`
Result FALSE

### Logical NOT check

Example
`=NOT("Sam"="Samuel")`
Result TRUE

### Check if either this or that (Exclusive OR)

Will be TRUE only if either A1>10 or B1>10 but not both or neither.
Example
`=XOR(A9>10, B9>10)`
Result FALSE

### Select one among multiple values

Picks a value from a list of values, in this case, picks A2 as it is the 3rd value.
Example
`=CHOOSE(3,A9,B10,A10,B11)`
Result 0

### Multiple IF conditions as IFS

A9 has 7. Works only in Office 365, Office online (and may be in Excel 2019)
Example
`=ifs(A9>10, "This is too high", A9>5, "This is ok", A9>2,"Almost low", A9<=2,"Really low")`
Result This is ok

### Check if a value is present in a list

Example
`=IF(COUNTIFS(staff[Name],"Jan")>0,"Yes, Jan is in there","No, no such person")`
Result Yes, Jan is in there

### Check multiple conditions as nested IF

Example
`=IF(A9>10, "This is too high",IF( A9>5, "This is ok", IF(A9>2,"Almost low", "Really low")))`
Result Really low

### Check if a value is between two other values

Example
`=IF(AND(A9>=10,A9<=20),"Between 10 and  20","Nope, not between 10 and 20")`
Result Nope, not between 10 and 20

### Is a cell blank?

Example
`=ISBLANK(A18)`
Result TRUE

### Is a value even?

Example
`=ISEVEN(7)`
Result FALSE

### Is a value odd?

Example
`=ISODD(7)`
Result TRUE

### Is a cell contains number?

Example
`=ISNUMBER(A9)`
Result FALSE

### Is a cell contains formula?

Example
`=ISFORMULA(A9)`
Result FALSE

### Is a cell (or formula) ends up in error?

Example
`=ISERROR(7/0)`
Result TRUE

## Formulas to work with text values, strings, words and phrases

While Excel is predominantly a number driven tool, we still have lots of text values in spreadsheets. Excel has many powerful and elegant text processing functions to help you extract, analyze or understand your text / string values. You can use the special operator & to combine text values or even work with newly introduced TEXTJOIN() function to combine a range of values to one. Keep in mind, this TEXTJOIN only works in Office 365 or Excel Online at the moment. In the below examples, know how to work with string / text values in your workbooks using formulas.

### Convert text to lower case

Example
`=LOWER("hello")`
Result hello

### Convert text to upper case

Example
`=UPPER(D3)`
Result JAMES

### Convert text to proper case (each word's first letter capitalized)

Example
`=PROPER("this is a long sentence")`
Result This Is A Long Sentence

### Combine different text values to one text

Example
`=CONCATENATE(A3, " and ", A4)`
Result 30 and 25

### Combine different text values to one text

Example
`=A3&" and "&A4`
Result 30 and 25

### Extract first few letters from a text

Example
`=LEFT("India",3)`
Result Ind

### Extract last few letters from a text

Example
`=RIGHT("New Zealand",4)`
Result land

### Extract middle portion from given text

Example
`=MID("United States",4,5)`
Result ted S

### What is the length of given text value

Example
`=LEN("Chandoo.org")`
Result 11

### Substitute one word with another

Example
`=SUBSTITUTE("Microsoft Excel","cel","cellent")`
Result Microsoft Excellent

### Replace some letters with other

Example
`=REPLACE("abc@email.com",5,1,"g")`
Result abc@gmail.com

### Find if a text has another text

Example
`=FIND("soft","Microsoft Excel")`
Result 6

### Extract initials from a name

H1 contains Bill Jelen
Example
`=LEFT(H1,1)&MID(H1,FIND(" ",H1)+1,1)`
Result BJ

### Find out how many words are in a sentence

H2 contains "This is a very long sentence with lots of words"
Example
`=LEN(H2)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(H2," ",""))+1`
Result 10

### Remove unnecessary spaces from a cell

Example
`=TRIM("  chandoo.  org   ")`
Result chandoo. org

### Remove anything after a symbol or word

H3 contains someone@something.com
Example
`=LEFT(H3,FIND("@",H3)-1)`
Result someone

## Formulas to work with date, time and calendar

Date and time values are very important when working with business data. That is why, Excel has many functions in this space. You can use TODAY() to figure out what is the current date or use DATE() to generate a date that you want. In the below examples, learn how to calculate some of the most common date and time related stuff using Excel.

### What is today's date?

Example
`=TODAY()`
Result 6/27/2018

### What is the current date & time?

Example
`=NOW()`
Result 6/27/2018 12:00

### Create a date value from year, month and day

Example
`=DATE(2018,10,20)`
Result 10/20/2018

### Create a time value from hour, minute and second

Example
`=TIME(9,45,21)`
Result 9:45 AM

### Get day of month from given date

Example
`=DAY(TODAY())`
Result 27

### What month is a given date on?

Example
`=MONTH(DATEVALUE("12-July-1999"))`
Result 7

### Extract year from a date

Example
`=YEAR(TODAY())`
Result 2018

### Find out day of week (number) from a date

Example
`=WEEKDAY(TODAY())`
Result 4

### Find out day of week (name of the day) from a date

Use DDD to see short form of day name, such as SUN, MON etc.
Example
`=TEXT(TODAY(), "DDDD")`
Result Wednesday

### What is the name of a month from a date?

Use MMM to see short form of month name, such as Jan, Feb etc.
Example
`=TEXT(TODAY(), "MMMM")`
Result June

### Hour from time

Example
`=HOUR(NOW())`
Result 12

### Minute from time

Example
`=MINUTE(NOW())`
Result 0

### Second from time

Example
`=SECOND(NOW())`
Result 2

### What is the date after / before x months

Example
`=EDATE(TODAY(),3)`
Result 9/27/2018

### What is the last date of a month?

Example
`=EOMONTH(DATE(2018,8,1),0)`
Result 8/31/2018

### Calculate number of days between two dates

Example
`=DATE(2018,12,1)-DATEVALUE("1-july-2018")`
Result 153

### Calculate number of years between two dates

You can also use (date1-date2)/365 to calculate number of years between 2 dates
Example
`=YEARFRAC(DATE(2009,9,24),TODAY(),1)`
Result 8.76

### Number of weeks between two dates

Example
`=INT((DATE(2018,12,1)-DATEVALUE("1-july-2018"))/7)`
Result 21

### What is the date after / before x working days (excluding weekends etc.)

This assumes Saturday & Sunday are weekends. If you have some other workweek pattern, use the 3rd parameter of WORKDAY.INTL to specify that. Likewise, you can also specify a list of special holidays (New Years Day, Diwali, Ramadan or Christmas etc.) to exclude them too
Example
`=WORKDAY.INTL(TODAY(),12)`
Result 7/13/2018

### How many working days are between two dates?

This assumes Saturday & Sunday are weekends. If you have some other workweek pattern, use the 3rd parameter of NETWORKDAYS.INTL to specify that. Likewise, you can also specify a list of special holidays (New Years Day, Diwali, Ramadan or Christmas etc.) to exclude them too
Example
`=NETWORKDAYS.INTL(TODAY(),DATE(2018,12,31))`
Result 134

## Formulas to lookup items

Lookup functions help us answer specific questions from business data, like which customer placed the order number PQ1234? You can use them to ask simple questions or combine lookup functions with other formulas in Excel to find more complex things. In these examples, learn how to write some of the most common lookup functions in Excel.

### Lookup a value in a table and find corresponding items (example, salary of an employee)

Finds John in the staff table's first column and returns value from 3rd column (salary)
Example
`=VLOOKUP("John", staff, 3, FALSE)`
Result \$ 77,000

### Lookup a pattern in a table and find corresponding items (example, salary of an employee)

Example
`=VLOOKUP("Jon*", staff,2,FALSE)`
Result Production

### What is the position of a value in a list?

Example
`=MATCH(76000,staff[Salary],0)`
Result 10

## Formulas to convert one data to another type of data

Often, we end up having data that is not in the right format to do our job. You can use conversion formulas to change data from one type to another.

### Convert a cell to number

Here . Is the thousand's separator and , is decimal point (i.e. European notation)
Example
`=NUMBERVALUE("123.456,78",",",".")`
Result 123,456.78

### Convert a value to date

Example
`=DATEVALUE("1-jul-2018")`
Result 7/1/2018

### Convert a cell to number (another technique)

You can also +0 to a text value to convert it to number.
Example
`="12456.78"*1`
Result 12,456.78

## Formulas to check and prevent errors

We can't escape bad coffee, occasionally annoying bosses and errors. Of course, Excel can't help you with first two, but it does a fine job of handling errors for us. Learn how to use the important error handling and checking functions in Excel.

### Show a different value if a formula has an error

Example
`=IFERROR(VLOOKUP("Sam",staff,3,FALSE),"Employee not found")`

### Show a different value if a formula has an NA error

Example
`=IFNA(7/0,"This will appear if the error is #N/A")`
Result #DIV/0!

### Is a cell (or formula) ends up in error?

Example
`=ISERROR(7/0)`
Result TRUE

### Safely divide one number with another

Example
`=IF(A2=0,"",A1/A2)`
Result 0.5

## Formulas to generate randomized data

Once in a while you need to generate or create random data in Excel. You can use either RAND() or RANDBETWEEN() to complete the job. In these examples, learn how to create most common types of random data using Excel.

### Generate a random number

The output changes every time you make a change in your spreadsheet.
Example
`=RAND()`
Result 0.948708709

### Generate a random phone number

The output changes every time you make a change in your spreadsheet.
Example
`=RANDBETWEEN(1000000000,9999999999)`
Result (535) 050-1262

### Generate a random letter from alphabet

The output changes every time you make a change in your spreadsheet.
Example
`=CHAR(RANDBETWEEN(CODE("A"),CODE("Z")))`
Result Z

### Create a random option from a list of values

The output changes every time you make a change in your spreadsheet.
Example
`=INDEX(staff[Name], RANDBETWEEN(1,COUNTA(staff[Name])))`
Result June

Are you looking for some other example? Please post a comment explaining what you are looking for so our community can help you.

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### How to export YouTube video comments to Excel file? – Free template + Power Query case study

This week, I am running a contest on YouTube. One of the criteria for picking winners is that they must comment on my video. So far, I got more than 200 comments. To make my job easier, I want to export the video comments to an Excel file. Turns out this is easily done once you have a Google developer API key. In this article, let me explain the process for extracting Youtube video comments to Excel table.

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### 58 Responses to “100+ Excel Formula Examples + List”

1. This is a very good compilation. well thought through. thanks guys for this knowledge sharing tips

2. fethi ben yahia says:

great
your always on top

• bharathram.cn says:

These details were very useful. Excellent for beginners.

3. Sandeep Kothari says:

Marvelous!

4. Ravi says:

These details were very useful. Excellent for beginners.

5. Purva says:

Awesome Chandoo...Keep up the great work!!

6. Derek says:

And I thought I know Excel. Thank you

7. Arun Khanal says:

You are great.

8. Billy says:

Awesome list! A handy bookmark reference for formulas I don't use very often. Thanks!

9. K.V.RAGHUNATHA RAO says:

Excellent and very much useful, thank you very much

10. Didier ESSONO ONDO says:

Very useful

11. Tapan Fouzder says:

I am always fan of you. Tell me how can I learn more from you. You are awesome teacher of excel.

12. Great Post about excel formulas, and after seeing your blog you are one point solution for Excel.

13. Pine says:

Well worth thank you for sharing

14. Jesse N says:

This is a great list and reference. I did notice something that threw me off as I was deconstructing a formula.

The results for the 'Find out how many words are in a sentence' section have a result of 1 instead of 10. Also, the example references H2 while the formula references H4.

Keep up the great work and always looking forward to more great content.

Thanks,
A Fan

• Chandoo says:

@Jesse N: Good spotting and thank you for letting me know. I have fixed the problem now.

15. microuser says:

I know your real name is 'Can Do !! '

• Chandoo says:

@microuser 🙂 Thank you for the kind words

16. Dennis S. Del Villar says:

Greatly AWESOME!

17. Chanaka says:

Good Job and thank you for the improve our knowledge.

18. Sandeep Kothari says:

CHANDOO, U R unbeatable!
U R 2 far from me!
(Pun intended, obviously!)

19. Thilakaratne says:

Very good and very useful
Thank you very much

20. SEEMA says:

i want to know more

21. Charles says:

Great works Mr Awesome
The world will never be the same again.

22. SANKAR says:

thanks for sharing such valuable formulas

23. Anjali Arora says:

Thanks sir. I vil definitely try all these.

Awesome !!!

• Venky says:

Brilliant, this sums up all

24. Vipan says:

Sir, can we make search able drop down list like google search in excel

25. Anagh Pathak says:

Thanks for all that you share. It is all very valuable stuff though as an old man, I like your podcasts most. Please keep creating and posting your podcasts more frequently.

26. David Hodge says:

My new favorite bookmark - thanks Chandoo!

27. Siddharth says:

You are wonderful excel guru, and I appreciate your love, kindness, support and generosity. Thank you.

Sid

28. Tom says:

What an absolute star!

29. Raj Mengi says:

Awesome. Been your fan for a long time now.

30. MJ says:

Plz help.. I am still not sure of the difference between MODE & MODE.SNGL

• Chandoo says:

@MJ... here we go
1) MODE.SNGL gives you the most frequent item in a list of values. If there are multiple items that are most frequent, then this will give the first such number. For ex. {1,1,2,2,3} , MODE.SNGL gives 1
2) MODE.MULT gives you a list of all most frequent items. In the example {1,1,2,2,3}, MODE.MULT gives {1,2} as an array. If you select two cells and press CTRL+Shift+Enter on MODE.MULT({1,1,2,2,3}) then you will get both numbers, one per cell.
3) MODE is the original excel function for this kind of thing. The result will be same as MODE.SNGL. It is there for backwards compatibility.

For your work, either use MODE.SNGL or MODE.MULT. If you have a colleague or client still using older versions of Excel, then switch to MODE.

Hope that helps.

31. Mark Nordhaus says:

Thanks Chandoo. Good reference.

• Sandeep Kothari says:

Dear Chandoo
How to select two cells and then press CTRL+Shift+Enter on MODE.MULT({1,1,2,2,3}) at the same time as I select the 2 cells?
I tried but failed miserably. Pl enlighten.

32. Meni Porat says:

This is fabulous, no doubt.

One minor comment, though.
In the "Remove anything after a symbol or word" tip, I'd wrap the original formula with IFERROR in case the desired character "@" was not found.
Something like:

Best Regards

33. Agil says:

Chandoo, you are as great as shah rukh khan.
Brilliant.

34. bharathram.cn says:

Thanks Chandoo. Good reference.

35. Prashanta Hegde says:

Super. thanks a lot for sharing very useful Formula in Excel

36. Tesfaye Bekele says:

Hi Chandoo
thanks a lot for sharing Excel Formula, I appreciate your kindness and support
thank you

37. Rasheed says:

It's really helpful, Thanks for sharing

38. JimH says:

Good Morning Chandoo,
I am trying to figure out an easy way just to count call volume; In & out by use of a button. One button called "In" and another "Out". Just click the "In" or "Out" button and it tallies the # of calls. any ideas?

39. PRAVEEN KUMAR says:

Hi..
I have students list with Marks & Rank and i want to find 1-10 marks how many students and their ranks in Brackets
For Example
1-10 marks
10 students(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)Ranks

40. Deepak Gour says:

Thank you for this collection. It was very helpful for me today.

41. James says:

If I enter a word (new) in a cell I want it to automatically place that word in the three cells below it. How do I do that!

• Hui... says:

@James
Select the 4 cells
Type the word and press Ctrl+Enter

42. Shrikant Patil says:

Thanks Chandoo.org

43. Anand says:

Sir i want to ask
I making sheet for our self.
In which i have 6 types of services which i am providing to my clients.
services have different names and rates.
is there any formula if i write services names in cell the amount of that reflect in next to that cell.
below that next name rate will reflect.

44. jenylence says:

What's New in Excel 2019.

Thank youh!!!

46. Marck says:

Dear, i think thath you know very well Excel. I am not a beginner in Excel, i am the owner of a Italian Website about Excel. Thank you for you resources.
Best regards.
Marck

47. laxman kulkarni says:

need total excel formula in excel sheet request to send as soon as

48. yogaho says:

SUPER USEFUL!!!Thanks Chandoo!!!

49. mary says:

I want to take the state out of one cell and put in cell before it like
1200 SW PARK AVE, PORTLAND, OR 97205-2441
I want OR in the cell before. HOW??

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